Japan’s National Tree: What You Need to Know

As a nature enthusiast, I have always been curious about the national trees of different countries. Recently, I stumbled upon the national tree of Japan and was fascinated by its history and significance. The national tree of Japan is called the Sakura, which is also known as the cherry blossom tree.

The Sakura is a flowering tree that is native to Japan and is widely celebrated for its delicate pink and white blossoms. The tree blooms annually in early spring, and its blossoms are considered a symbol of renewal and hope. The Sakura has a rich cultural significance in Japan and is an integral part of the country’s history and traditions.

So, what makes the Sakura the national tree of Japan? In addition to its beauty and cultural significance, the Sakura is also a symbol of the country’s resilience and strength. The tree has survived natural disasters, wars, and other challenges, and its blossoms continue to bring joy and hope to people all over the world.

History of the National Tree of Japan

I was curious about the national tree of Japan and decided to do some research. I found out that the national tree of Japan is the sakura, also known as the cherry blossom tree. The sakura has a rich history and cultural significance in Japan.

The sakura has been a beloved symbol of Japan for centuries. It is said that the tradition of cherry blossom viewing, or hanami, began during the Nara period (710-794). During this time, people would gather to view the sakura blossoms and celebrate the arrival of spring.

Over time, the sakura became associated with the samurai and their code of honor, bushido. The fleeting beauty of the cherry blossom, which blooms for only a short time each year, came to represent the transience of life and the importance of living in the present moment.

In 1912, Japan gifted thousands of cherry blossom trees to the United States as a symbol of friendship. These trees were planted in Washington D.C.’s Tidal Basin and have since become an iconic symbol of the city and the friendship between the two nations.

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Selection of the National Tree

When I first learned about the national tree of Japan, I was curious about how it was chosen. After some research, I discovered that the selection process was not a quick or easy one. In fact, it took nearly a decade for the Japanese government to decide on the perfect tree to represent their country.

The process began in 1951 when the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry established a committee to select a national tree. The committee was made up of experts in forestry, botany, and other related fields. They were tasked with choosing a tree that was representative of Japan’s culture, history, and natural beauty.

Over the next several years, the committee considered many different trees, including the cherry blossom, pine, and maple. They looked at the trees’ cultural significance, their beauty, and their ability to grow in different regions of Japan. Finally, in 1972, the committee made its decision: the Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) would be the national tree of Japan.

The Japanese cedar was chosen for several reasons. It is native to Japan and has been an important part of the country’s culture and history for centuries. It is also a fast-growing tree that can reach heights of up to 70 meters, making it an impressive sight in Japan’s forests. Additionally, the wood of the Japanese cedar is used for many purposes, including construction, furniture, and even musical instruments.

Characteristics of the National Tree

As I researched the national tree of Japan, I discovered some interesting characteristics that make it a unique and special symbol of the country.

Firstly, the national tree of Japan is the sakura, also known as the cherry blossom tree. This tree is known for its beautiful pink and white flowers that bloom in the springtime. The sakura is a deciduous tree, which means that it loses its leaves in the fall and grows new ones in the spring.

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Another interesting characteristic of the sakura is that it has a relatively short lifespan. Most cherry blossom trees only live for about 20-30 years, although some can live up to 100 years. This short lifespan is part of what makes the sakura so special and symbolic in Japanese culture, as it represents the fleeting nature of life and the importance of cherishing each moment.

Finally, the sakura is a very important tree in Japanese culture and is celebrated each year during the hanami festival, which is a time when people gather to view and appreciate the beautiful cherry blossom trees in bloom. This festival is a time of joy and celebration, and it is a testament to the importance of the sakura as a symbol of Japan.

Significance of the National Tree in Japanese Culture

As a Japanese citizen, I have always felt a deep connection to our national tree, the sakura, or cherry blossom. The sakura has been an integral part of our culture for centuries, and its significance extends far beyond its beauty and delicate nature.

One of the most important aspects of the sakura is its association with the transience of life. The blossoms only last for a short time each year, typically only a week or two, before falling from the trees. This fleeting beauty is a reminder that life is short and precious, and we must cherish every moment.

Another important cultural significance of the sakura is its association with new beginnings. The blossoms typically appear in early spring, coinciding with the start of the school year and the beginning of a new fiscal year in Japan. This symbolism of renewal and fresh starts is deeply ingrained in our culture and is celebrated with hanami, or cherry blossom viewing parties.

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Furthermore, the sakura is often used in Japanese art, literature, and poetry as a symbol of beauty, grace, and purity. Its delicate petals and soft pink color are often associated with femininity and have been used to represent the ideal of the perfect Japanese woman.

Overall, the sakura holds a special place in Japanese culture and is a source of pride for many of us. Its beauty and symbolism continue to inspire and captivate people around the world.


After researching and learning about the national tree of Japan, I have come to appreciate the cultural significance and beauty of the sakura tree. Its delicate pink blossoms represent renewal and the fleeting nature of life, reminding us to cherish every moment. It is no wonder that the sakura is so beloved in Japan and celebrated every year during hanami.

While the sakura is not the only tree that holds cultural significance in Japan, it is certainly one of the most iconic. The Japanese people have a deep respect for nature and its beauty, and the sakura is a perfect representation of this. Its beauty is admired by people all over the world, and it has become a symbol of Japan itself.

Whether you are a nature lover, a cultural enthusiast, or simply someone who appreciates beauty, the sakura tree is a must-see. Its blossoms are a breathtaking sight, and its cultural significance makes it a truly unique and special tree. I feel lucky to have learned about this amazing tree and hope to one day see it in person.

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